There are more than 30 monkeys hidden in the murals of Gansu,

There are more than 30 monkeys in Dunhuang frescoes: more than 30 monkeys are hidden in the Dunhuang frescoes. According to Xinhua news agency, the new year of the monkey in Gansu, the monkey pays attention to it. In the desert of Dunhuang, thousands of murals still retain many monkey images. Dunhuang Research Institute recently released a monkey year electronic calendar. The monkeys in the 12 Dunhuang frescoes are lovely and lively, and they are treasured together with the electronic calendar". According to incomplete statistics, there are more than 30 monkeys in Dunhuang murals, the time span from West Wei to the Republic of China, the earliest monkey has more than 1400 years." The staff of the Dunhuang research institute network center responsible for making this calendar. The monkey, the monkey in the Sutra story and the monkey on the decorative pattern are the most common 3 kinds of monkey images in Dunhuang frescoes. Among the frescoes in Dunhuang, it is well known that the monkeys in the scriptures. In the Yulin Grottoes in the third caves, sea cliff, monk hands together, thank Buddha, the monkey and the white horse standing side by side. The monkey head long hair, big mouth grin, his hands clasped together, looked up at the bodhisattva. "The study of Dunhuang," Wang said, "this cave was carved in the Western Xia Dynasty," journey to the west "in the late Ming Dynasty, it is possible that the murals affected the creation of novels." In addition to learning from the picture, the three storey Mogao Grottoes murals are "journey to the West". Wang Zhengyi introduced, three floors have painted 10 "journey to the west" murals, most of them have been stripped, part of it can still be identified. At the beginning of the last century, Luo Jimei Stein et al shot of the Mogao Grottoes pictures, clearly retains these images. Wang has said: "the three floor Front Gate back, Sun Wukong in the sky clouds chasing the clouds like a baton demon. The monk dressed in big sleeve frock, a bow back. But the wall is badly damaged, so it is difficult to verify the specific content of the picture." The monkey images in the Buddhist scriptures are also reflected in the Dunhuang frescoes. In the cave 285th, "Xian Yu Jing Sami Shoujie Dutch act goods" story cause, go home long monk alms, long home subdebutante of Sami love. Wang Zhengyi, a painter painting like climbing on the roof of the monkey (see photo), the girl saw the monk "restless" metaphor of excitement. The monkeys in the decorative pattern are more common in the Dunhuang frescoes. These monkeys are mostly supporting roles, but there is not a single story. As in the West 249 cave top East Cape, a red monkey squatting in the tree, hand on the forehead, looking at the huge open animal. Gobi desert is not the survival area of monkeys. Why is there a monkey image in Dunhuang frescoes? Dunhuang Research Institute of Network Center staff, Dunhuang is the ancient Silk Road area, trade and cultural exchanges and cultural prosperity, the monkey is likely to be with the Silk Road caravan came to Dunhuang. Editor: the flourishing SN123

甘肃敦煌壁画里藏着30多只猴   原标题:敦煌壁画里藏着30多只猴   据新华社电 猴年新春,猴子瞩目。在大漠之中的敦煌,千年壁画上至今仍保留着许多猴子形象。   敦煌研究院近日发布了一份猴年电子年历。12只敦煌壁画中的猴子形态可爱,生动活泼,和电子年历一起被人们“珍藏”。   “据不完全统计,敦煌壁画中,共出现过30余只猴子,时间跨度从西魏至民国,最早的猴子已有1400余年了。”负责制作这个年历的敦煌研究院网络中心工作人员介绍。   西天取经的猴子、佛经故事里的猴子、装饰图案上的猴子,是敦煌壁画中最常见的3种猴子形象。在敦煌壁画中,广为人知的是取经图中的猴子。在榆林窟第3窟内,云海山崖上,僧人双手合十,拜谢菩萨,猴子与白马并排而立。猴子头长毛发,大嘴露齿,双手合十,抬头仰望菩萨。《敦煌研究》编务汪正一说:“这个洞窟凿于西夏时期,《西游记》著于更晚的明朝,有可能是壁画影响了小说创作。”   除了取经图外,莫高窟三层楼壁画中还有《西游记》。汪正一介绍,三层楼中曾绘有10幅《西游记》壁画,目前多数已经剥落,部分尚能辨认。上世纪初斯坦因、罗寄梅等人拍摄的莫高窟照片中,清晰保留着这些图像。汪正一说:“三层楼正门背面,孙悟空在空中驾云执棒,似在追赶云中之妖。唐僧身着大袖僧衣,颔首躬背。但壁面残破严重,难以考证画面的具体内容。”   佛经中的猴子形象也在敦煌壁画中有所反映。在第285窟的《贤愚经・沙弥守戒自杀品》因缘故事中,沙弥去长老家化缘,长老家的妙龄少女对沙弥心生爱慕。汪正一介绍,画工在屋顶上画了一只攀援状的猴子(见图),借喻少女见到沙弥“心猿意马”的激动心情。   装饰图案中的猴子在敦煌壁画中较为普遍,这些猴子多为配角,单独的故事并不多。如在西魏249窟窟顶东披,一只赭红色的猕猴蹲在树上,手搭在额前,仰望巨大的开明神兽。   戈壁大漠并非猴子的生存区域,为什么敦煌壁画中会存在猴子形象呢?敦煌研究院网络中心工作人员介绍,敦煌是古丝绸之路要地,商贸文化交往繁荣,猴子文化很可能是随着丝路驼队来到了敦煌。 责任编辑:向昌明 SN123相关的主题文章:

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